Make your own free website on


 About Authors


Course Description  Applying  Faculty List  Job Opportunities


Course Description:


          The student has to pass a minimum of 60 credits. A course of one credit means one hour of lecture or three hours of laboratory work work per week.


   C-051 Basic Mathematics for Chemistry 1 Credits
Review of basic algebra and trignometry Graphic methds Differentiations. Maxima and minima. Integration. Partial differention. Differential equations (linear, homogeneous, exact). Determentation and matrices. Application in Chemistry.
   C-321 Analytical Chemistry 3 Credits
Basic concepts. Analytical sampling, extration and chromatographic separation techniques. Data handling. Chemical Equilibrium. Titrimetry (acid-base, precipitation, complexometric, and titraions).
   C-322 Analytical Chemistry Laboratry 1 Credits
Calibration and use of volumeetric glassware.
Thin layer chromatographic separation of dyes in ink.
Paper chromatographic separation of Co(II), Fe(III) and Ni(II) salts.
Study of equilibrium for distribution of a solute between two immiscible solvents.
Dissociation constant of weak acids.
Redox ttrations; determination of iron (II) using potassium dichromate.
Precipitation of AbCl-stoichiometric relation.
Determination of Zn by EDTA complexometric method.
   C-331 Inorganic Chemistry 2 Credits
Periodic alssification and periodic properties. Chemical bonding (V.B. anb M.O.). Acids and bases. Nobel gases and their compounds. Chemistry of interhalogens, pseudohalogens and polyhalides.
   C-332 Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory 1 Credits
Detection of cations and anions in a mixture, separation of metal ions by paper chromatography, acid/base titrametric methods.
   C-341 Organic Chemistry 3 Credits
Nomeenclature: multifunctional aliphatic, alicyclic and heterocyclic compounds. Bonding: localized and delocalized chemical bonding, aromaticity and tautomerism. Stereochemistry: shapes of molecules, conformation in open chain compounds and cyclohexane, configuration, CIP-system of nomenclature. Chemical reactivity and molecular structure: electronic effects and steric effects on the reactivity of molecules, acids and basis. Reactive intermediates: introduction to structure, methds of generation and involving carbonium ion, carbanions, carbenes, nitrenes and arynes. Introduction to UV and IR spectroscopy.
   C-342 Organic Chemistry 1 Credits
Purification of  organic compounds: crystallization, fractional distillation, vacuum distillation, Chromatographic techniques: column, paper and thin layer chromatography; preparative thin layer chromatography and two dimensional thin layer chromatography. Sample preparations: one step preparation of organic compounds.
   C-351 Physical Chemistry 3 Credits
Kinetic molecular theory of gases; ideal and non-ideal behaviour, molecular collision, distribution of molecular energies and speeds, viscosoty of gases and diffusion.
Chemical thermodynamics; review of the first law of thermodynamics, enthalpy and chemical reaction, heat capacities; second law of thermodynamics, the driving force and work functions, molecular interpretation of thermodynamics functions and their calculations.

   C-352 Physical Chemistry Laboratory 1 Credits
Determination of molecular weight by elevation of boiling point (ebullioscopic method)
Determination of molecular weight by cryoscopicmethod.
Study of the adsorption of an organic acid on charcol.
Determination of molar refraction of different compounds and groups.
Determination of the heat of neutralization of (a) strong acid with a strong base, (b) weak acid with a strong base.
Determination of the precipitation values of Na+, Ba++ ion for As2S3 sol.
Determination of the order of a reaction and a rate constant of a given reaction.
Determination of activation energy of a chemical reaction.


   C-052 Advanced Mathematics for Chemists

1 Credits

Coordinate systems: cartesian and transformation from cartesian to polar co-ordenates. Differential equations: equations of the first order and the first degree, linear equations with constant coefficients (equations of the first and second order only). Vectors andmatrices. Probability theory and theory of errors. Applications in chemistry.
   C-323 Analytical chemistry - II 2 Credits
Electro-analytical techniques; potentiometry, conductometry, polarography, coulometry, electrogravimetric and anode stripping voltametry.
   C-324 Analytical Chemistry Laboratory - II 1 Credits
Potentiometric titrations involving strong/weak acids.
Polarography of trace amunts of metals.
Conductometric estimation of strong/weak basis.
Electrogravimetric analysis of zinc.
Coulometric estimations.
Potentiometric titration of plyprotic acids.
   C-333 Inorganic Chemistry - II 2 Credits
Chemistry of d and f block elements, crystel field and VSERP theories, crystalline state, structure and energetic of inorganic molecules. Theory of metals and intermatallic compounds and electron transfer reactions.
   C-334 Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory 1 Credits
Estimation of pairs of metal ions like Cu²+, Ni²+ Al²+, Fe³+, Zn²+, Ca², Mg²+ from solution.
   C-343 Organic Chemistry - II 3 Credits
Applications of basic concepts especially mechanism, stereochemistry and UV-IR spectroscopy to study different classes of organic compounds namely hydrocarbons, halogen compounds, alcohols, ethers, carbonyl compounds, nitrogen compounds, organometallics and aromatic compounds.
   C-344 Organic chemistry Laboratory 1 Credits
Preparations: one and two steps synthesis of different classes of compounds, work up and purifications of the products. Identofocation of the products; thin layer chromatography of the products with reference compounds, UV and IR spectroscopy of products, preparation of derevatives and their identification.
   C-353 Physical Chemistry - II 3 Credits
Atomic and molecular structure; vectors, operators, Schrodinger equation, particle in one dimensional box, simple harmonic oscillator, hydrogen atom. Molecular systems: H2-molecule, molecular orbital and valence bond methods, hybridization.
Molecular spectrodcopy; spectral terms, rotational, vibrational, electronic and NMR spectroscopy.
Statistical Methods; statisitical ensembes, probability, partition functions and their applications, statistical treatment of eqyilibrium.

   C-354 Physical Chemistry Laboratory - II 1 Credits
Study of the formation of silver-amino complex colorimetrically.
determination of the heat of fusion of a substance.
Determination of the dissociation constant of succinic acid from conductivity measurement.
Determination of the degree of hydrolysis of a weak salt by conductance measurement.
Determination of the heat of solution of a substance by solubility measurements.
Verification of Debye-Huckel-Onsager equation.
Determination of a Pk value of an indicator by spectrophotometric measurement.
Determination of the mean activity coefficient of a sparingly soluble salt.


           In these semesters the students shall be offered specializition in one of the fields of the Chemistry i.e. Inorganic analytical, Organic or Physical. One course from the following (C-335, C-345 and C-355) however, is required to be registered when offered by the department.

   C-335 Industrial Chemistry

3 Credits

Basic datafor the development of the industrial unit e.g. basic chemical data, chemical control, raw materials etc. Chemical processes i.e. unit operations, unit process. chemistry and technology of industries like water conditioning, cement, glass, ceramic, chloralkai, leather, fertilizers, sugar and starch, steel petroleum, oil, fats and waxes, soap and detergent, pulpand paper etc.
   C-345 Bichemistry 3 Credits
Chemical characteristics of carbohydrates, aminoacids, protiens, nucleic acids and lipids. Enzymes; kinetics and mechanism of enzymes action. Bioenergetics: phosphorylation and mechanism of energy transfer through energy carrier ATP, NADH and NADPH. Metabolism of carbohydrates, protiens and lipids.
   C-355 Polymer Chemistry 3 Credits
Definations and classifications of polymers. Kinetics and statistics of step, chain, ionic and stereoregular polymerizations. Co-polymerizations. Polymerization conditions and polymer prcoss. Polymer reactions. Stabilization of high polymers. Physical properties of polymer solutions. polymer characterization. Polymer Technologies: Plastic and fiber technology, plymer and alloys.


   C-422 Instrumental Methods

3 Credits

Molecular spectroscopy (UV, Visible, IR); principles and applications to analytical problems. Atomic emission and absorptions spectrometry (flame, plasma, atomic absorption).
   C-423 Advanced Analytical Chemistry 3 Credits
Thermal Analysis, principles (including electronic basis of the technique) and applications. Clinical applications of analytical Chemistry (blod, drug and environmental analysis).
   C-427 Chemical Crystallograpgy 3 Credits
Aymmetry, unit cell, srystal system, lattice point and space group X-rays; production and diffraction. Bragg's equation. Reciprocal lattice data collection (film and diffractrometric techniques) and data reduction. Structure analysis (Patterson function, Fourier synthesis and direct methods), refinement.
   C-430 Elementry Group Theory 2 Credits
Symmetry, symmetry element and operations, point groups, group representations and character table, reducible and irreducible representations. Application of group theory to valence bond. Molecular orbital and crystal field theories.
   C-431 Coordination Chemistry 3 Credits
Interoduction, Werner's theory, nomenclature. Theories of coordinates bond. reparation, absorption spectra and magnetic properties of complexes. Stereochemistry, Stablity, Kinetic and mechanism of reaction of complexes.
   C-432 Inorganic Chemistry - III 3 Credits
A non aqueous solvents; properties of ionizing solvents, classification types of reaction, chemistry in non-aqueous solvents.
Clatherates: inorganic ring, chains, cages of B, Si, N, P, S and metal
   C-433 Inorganic Chemistry - IV 3 Credits
Metal carbonyles, nitrosyls and related compounds, chemistry and bonding of metal sigma and pi complexes, catalysis by organo-mettalic compounds.
   C-436 Nuclear and Rado-Chemistry 3 Credits
Effect of radiation on biological system Detection and measurement of nuclear radiation.
   C-437 Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory 3 Credits
Synthesis and characterization of rpresentative coordination and organomettalic compounds. Analysis of minerals, cement, alloys and water.
   C-438 Research and Seminar in Inorganic/Analytical Chemistry 1 Credits
   C-439 Research in Inorganic/Analytical Chemistry 3 Credits



   C-440 Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds 2 Credits
Cylic analogues of amines, ether and related compounds, unsaturated heterocyclic compounds, aromaticity and tauomerism in heterocyclic chemistry, five membered armotic heterocyclic compounds: heterocyclic analogues of benzene: polycyclic, aromatic heterocyclic compounds. Heterocyclic compounds in nature and medicine.
   C-441 Reaction Mechanism - I 3 Credis
Introduction to reaction mechanism, Methods of determination of reaction mechanism, Substitution Reaction, Addition Reactions, Elimination Reaction.
   C-442 Spectroscopic Methods in Organic Chemistry 3 Credits
Nuclear magnetic resonance: fundamentals of NMR, clemical shifts, Mass spectrometry: Basic theoetical principles, low and high resolution mass spectrometry, fragmentation patterns of compounds having different functional groups. Structure elucidation: Joint application of UV, IR, mass and NMR spectroscopy.
   C-443 Chemistry of Natural Products 3 Credits
Isolation: Physical and chemical methods with special emphasis on chromatographic techniques. Structure elucidation: Application of UV , IR, NMR and mass spectroscopy for structual elucidation. Synthesis: Partial and ttal synthesis of some representatives of terpene alkaloids, steroids, cabhydrates and flavonoids.
   C-444 Reaction Mechanism - II 3 Credits
Molecular rearrangement, Cylic and Non-cyclic Rearrangements, Reduction, Pericyclic Reactions
   C-445 Stereochemistry 3 Credits
Static Stereochemistry, Stereochemistry Nomenclature: Chirality Elements, Chirallity centres, axis. Dynamic Stereochemistry.
   C-446 Organic Synthesis 3 Credits
Introduction to Reterosynthesis, concept of synthones and reterosynthetic approach. Synthesis and uses of alkylhalides, alkenes, alkynes, alcohols, ethers, aromatics, carbonyl compounds and nitrogenn compounds. Bond formations, Cycliozation: Simple inttramolecular reaction leading to cyclic structures.
   C-447 Organic Chemistry Laboratory  -III 3 Credits
Synthesis, Isolation, Identification, Pharmaceuticals and Heterocycles,
   C-448 Research And Seminar in Organic chemistry 1 Credit
   C-449 Research in Organic Chemistry 3 Credits


   C-450 Numerical Methods and Computer Programming

2 Credits

Computer oriented numerical methods: Ordinary differential equation, matrix algebra and simulation equations, least square curve fitting, numerical integration, Fortran Programming.
   C-451 Chemical Kinetics 3 Credits
Mesurement of reactiion rates and treatment of experimental data. Theories of reaction rates. Reaction in Solution. Complex reactions including chain reaction.
Homogeneous catalysis. Photochemical reactions.
   C-452 Quantum Chemistry 3 Credits
Hermitian operators and their properties, angular momentum, central field problem, Hydrogen like atoms. apprximation methods, molecular orbital theory. 
   C-453 Molecular Spectroscopy 3 Credits
Interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter. Rotation, Vibration, rotation-vibration spectroscopy. Optical Spectroscopy. Molecular symmetry. Magnetic resonance. Application to molecular structure.
   C-454 Thermodynamics and Electrochemistry 3 Credits
Thermodynamics of systems of variable cmposition, partial molar quantities, ideal and diluted solutions. Interfacial Phenemenon and electrode kinetics, Butler-Volmer equation. Nernst equation.
   C-455 Statistical Mechanics 3 Credits
Ensembles, Partition functions. Sstems of independent particles. Monoatomic crystals. application to chemical equilibrium and chemical kinetics, lattices, adsorption and quantum statistics.
   C-456 Nuclear Radiation Chemistry 2 Credits
Fundamentals of nuclears and radiation chemistry, nuclear structure, equation of radio active decay and growth, nuclear reactions.
   C-457 Solid State Chemistry and Surface Chemistry 3 Credits
Intermolecular energies. Condensed system symmetry, Lattices, thermodynamics of Surface.
   C-458 Solution Chemistry 2 Credits
Solution and their role in chemistry, models for solution nature of interactions present in solutions.
   C-459 Physical Chemistry Laboratory - III 3 Credits
   C-460 Research and Seminar in Physical Chemistry 1 Credit
   C-461 Research in Physical Chemistry 3 Credits




          Admissions are opened twice a year for this course. Admissions are given only on   Self-Financed  basis in August while in  December-January admissions are given on Regular as well as on Self-Financed basis.The University shall call for these admission applications through proper media each year.

  • Candidate with Bachelor Degree requiring more than two years intermediate or professional degree for example: B.Sc. Engineering,/B.E./MBBS/B.Sc. Agriculture, B.Sc. Pharmacy, BCS Computer Science, B.ED., etc are not eligible.
  • Ten seats will be given strictly on merit on Self-Finance basis in Spring semester admissions.
  • One seat in each department of the University has been reserved for admission of the children of Shaheeds/Disabled of Army Personnel of Indo/Pak War 1965 and 1971 and would be offered on the nomination of G.H.Q.
  • One seat is reserved for Minorities for admission in each department of the University subject to production of certificate from the institution last attended that the candidate belongs to the Minority Community.

         The application forms can be collected from Manager, Bookbank/Book Shop of the University by paying a fee of Rs.100/-. Those wishing to apply shall have to submit properly filled-in admission application forms to the admission office of the University by the last date advertised for such a purpose.

          Merit Lists for this course will be displayed on the notice board of the concerned department and successful candidates will have to pay the dues before the last date mentioned in the list, otherwise their seats will stand cancelled and these seats will be given to a candidate from waiting list in order of merit. 

          Eligibility Criteria for this course is:

  • B.Sc. with Chemistry

          Merit formula for this course is:

FTM = 800 ( MOF/TM + MOB/TM ) + NCC + HQ


FTM     = Final Total Marks.
MOF     = Marks Obtained in Intermediate Certificate.
MOB     = Marks Obtained in Bachelor's Degree.
TM      = Total Marks in the Relevant Examination.
NCC     = National Cedit Corps (20 Marks)
HQ      = Hafiz-e-Quran (20 Marks).


  • Candidates who are more than 26 years old shall not be eligible for admissions unless relaxation is granted by the Vice Chancellor for special reasons on the recommendations of the Chairman.
  • Candidate who has graduated 18 months before the date of application must explain what he has been doing during this period.
  • In case of incorrect information/concealment of facts, University will have the right to refuse/cancel an admission or expel a student.
  • Copies of the following documents should accompany the application:
  1. Matric Certificate.
  2. Intermediate certificate and Detailed Marks Certificate.
  3. Bachelor's degree and Detailed Marks Certificate.
  4. Domicile Certificate of the Candidate.
  5. No Objection Certificate (in case of in-service candidate).
  6. N.C.C. certificate (if applicable).
  7. Certificate for Hifzi Quran.
  8. I.D. Card.
  • Originals must be produced later, when required.
  • N.C.C. and H.Q. credit of 20 marks each will be added as given in the formula.
  • Candidate finally selected for admission will be required to produce a Migration Certificate (in original) on joining the University.
  • Candidates having obtained certificates/degrees from Foreign Universities / Institutions should provide equivalence certificate and conversion of Grades into marks from University Grants Commission, Islamabad/Inter Board Committee of Chairman in case of Matric and Intermediate level certificates.
  • Foreign students must route their applications through the Ministry of Education, Government of Pakistan.


             The following Sample On-line Application Forms are not yet operational but in near future you will be able to apply through them.


Click ADMISSIONS  for more information about admission procedures


Faculty List:


Dr. Muhammad Saleem


Dr. Mrs.Mashooda Hasan
Dr. Mahboob Mohammad
Dr. Nasir Ahmad
Dr. Mrs. Roshan Ahmad
Dr.P. K. Butt
Dr. Athar Yaseen Khan
Dr. M. Jaffar
Dr. Rashid Iqbal



Dr. Christy Munir
Dr. Muhammad Ikram
Dr. Mrs. Naeema Khan
Dr. Zahoor Ahmad
Dr. Muhammad Mazhar
Dr. S. Sakhawat Shah
Dr. M. Shahid. Ansari
Dr. Nasim Hasan Rama
Dr. Mrs. Shagufta zulfiqar
Dr. M. Sadiq Subhani
Dr. M. Javed Iqbal



Dr. Aurangzeb Hasan
Dr. Saqib Ali
Dr. M. Abdul Rauf
Dr. Shahid Masood Yusuf
Dr. Mrs. Farzana Latif Ansari


Job Opportunities:

            The Students who have completed this course find lucrative job opportunities in the private sector as well as in the government sector according to their skills and approach. The needs for the graduates of this course is very high in Textile Industry, Chemical Manufacturing, Pharmaceuticals and many other sectors which deal with chemicals in one way or another. In addition to different organizations in the Government sector, the graduates of this course are being employed by, to name of few, HDIP (Hydrocarbon Institute of Pakistan), OGSP (Oil and Gas Sector Programs), CIDA (Canadian International Development Agency) and many other non-government organizations.Several young teachers and Ph.D. students of the Department also have an opportunity to proceed abroad for research under the DAAD or on Postdoctoral Fellowship.


Click here for Career Guiding Office of Quaid-i- Azam University.


Back Top




© Muhammad Aamer & Imran Sharif Butt (all rights reserved) 2000.